There are many enzymes products in the market like; EMC Squared, Permazyme, Endurazyme, Paczyme, Earthzyme, RoadTech, UBIX, ECOroads, EcoMax/Nrzyma, Zym-Tec, Terrazyme, PX300, EnzymeRoads, Corchem 5510, Roadzyme, PaveZyme, EcoTerra, and others. All contain similar substances.
I´m divulging the information below purely for humanitarian, altruistic reasons and a dream, that maybe a day, people in developing countries can stabilize the soil of the roads, earth blocks, earthbags without having to pay for trademarks and/or expensive hydraulic cements.
The enzymes for soil stabilization are made from fermenting sugar in a process similar to beer brewing, but the process continues until everything is fermented (Mihai O. M.; Ray H.; Timothy R. C.; Velasquez, R. A.. Preliminary laboratory investigation of enzyme solutions as a soil stabilizer. Final Report. Minnesota Department of Transportation, Research Services Section / University of Minnesota Department of Civil Engineering, Minneapolis, MN, 2005.
We can see information that the enzyme from PermaZyme lnternational Enzymes (and similar) are made from water, molasses, malt, yeast, sugar and non-ionic surfactant (Engineering Field Notes, volume 26, may-june 1993, United States Department of Agriculture. Dust Abatement Product Comparisons in Northern Region, figure 01, pag 27).
How to produce these enzymes: In a bioreator add warm water and agitate slowly. After add molasses and more warm water. Next add a dissolved mixture of urea and magnesium sulfate. After add a specific type of yeast (a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ) and wait some days. The next step is to separate the materials adding aluminum sulfate and others substances and finally filter the ferment in a filter. We need check the ph and temperature continuously because it is a fermenting process. Observe that this is only a summary of the process where these and others steps/substances are needed.
We can´t forgot that enzymes react with the organic matter in the soil; the substances formed help in formation of the bonds between points of the the crystalline structure of the clayey materials, stabilizing the soil mass. Thus soils need to contain some organic material like decayed material.”
to aim for zero-carbon local transportation by creating complete streets, walkable neighbourhoods and a world-class cycling environment; and by adopting world-class policies for transportation demand management, transit, ride-sharing, car-sharing, electric vehicles and freight.
There are great examples of pedestrian streets and centres in Europe. In Copenhagen, 36% of all commuting and school trips are made by bike; Bogota and Curitiba have shown the way for light rapid transit; San Diego is showing the way for electric vehicles.
2. Make a Greenest Development Pledge
to foster and encourage the greenest, best developments and discourage ‘big box’ out-of-town shopping centres, with zero encroachment on the ALR. Adopt urban containment boundaries, and use a Sustainable Development Checklist and Scorecard in rezoning and development permit applications, with minimum points needed before approval can be considered.
A checklist with a scorecard allows a council to ensure that all new developments embrace a high standard of sustainable development design, with points for positive social, environmental, transportation and green energy features, as Port Coquitlam, Whistler, Kamloops, Nelson, UBC and Surrey are doing.
3. Make a Greenest Buildings Pledge
to embrace world-class policies and zoning regulations that move all new buildings towards being zero-carbon passive homes heated by renewable energy; to give property owners floor-space incentives to make their existing buildings more energy efficient; and to plan ahead for renewable energy district heat.
In the UK, all new buildings must be zero-carbon from 2019; in California all new homes must be zero-net energy starting in 2020. In Berkeley and San Francisco, since 1981, every home has needed to be upgraded to the latest energy standard before it can be sold.
4. Make a Low-Carbon Sustainable Economy Pledge
to target Zero Waste by 2030; to reinvest carbon tax rebates in carbon reduction projects; to encourage local businesses to sign up for Vancouver Island Green Business Certification or to join Climate Smart; to promote a cradle-to-cradle circular economy, a sharing economy and eco-technology businesses; and to reduce energy use in civic operations, buildings, vehicles and street lighting.
San Francisco is aiming for Zero Waste by 2020 (they are currently at 80%); Saanich and Dawson Creek have developed local Carbon Funds; Victoria’s Tectoria is building a booming tech sector; Vancouver’s Tool Library and car-share organizations around the province are pioneering the sharing economy.
5. Make a Healthy Food and Nature Pledge
to plant more urban trees; develop more parks, green spaces and community allotments; allow residents to cultivate their boulevards; serve local food on city premises; help young farmers to work the land; allow food gardens on temporarily vacant land; encourage shared backyards and community fruit-picking; and convert Food Banks into Community Food Centres.
Vancouver’s Sole Food Farms has shown how to use empty land; the city’s boulevard gardening shows how willing people are to get involved. Seattle’s P-Patch has shown how to develop community gardens; Armstrong has developed a great community greenhouse; Toronto’s The Stop has shown how to turn a Food Bank into a Community Food Centre.
How to Use these Five Local Climate Solutions
1. Ask a Question at an All-Candidates Meeting in November
Ask one of these five questions. Take four friends, and try to ask all five!
a)“If you are elected, will you pledge to take practical steps to tackle the critical issue of climate change by taking concrete transportation steps to create a world-class walking and cycling environment, and adopting world-class policies for transportation demand management, transit, ride-sharing, car-sharing and electric vehicles?”
b) “If you are elected, will you pledge to take practical steps to tackle the critical issue of climate change by adopting an Urban Containment Boundary, protecting BC’s Agricultural Land Reserve and using a Sustainable Development Checklist and Scorecard in rezoning and development permit applications to encourage the greenest possible developments?”
c) “If you are elected, will you pledge to take practical steps to tackle the critical issue of climate change by bringing in world class standards to encourage zero carbon buildings, encouraging property owners to retrofit their buildings, and planning ahead for district heat using renewable sources of energy?”
d) “If you are elected, will you pledge to take practical steps to tackle the critical issue of climate change by working to develop a low carbon, sustainable economy, targeting Zero Waste, encouraging local businesses to sign up for Vancouver Island Green Business Certification or to join Climate Smart, and reducing energy use in all civic operations?”
e) “If you are elected, will you pledge to take practical steps to tackle the critical issue of climate change by supporting local urban farming; planting more trees; developing community allotments; allowing residents to cultivate their boulevards; and allowing the establishment of community food gardens on temporarily vacant land?”
2. Print the Five Solutions
Mail a copy of these solutions to every local candidate for councilor or Mayor. Use their campaign websites to find their mailing addresses, and you can download a copy from www.bcsea.org/FiveLocalSolutions
“My name is Hari Berzins and I moved into a tiny house with my family in May of 2011. I began blogging as a way to share what we learn from living simply and debt-free in a tiny house as we continue to save and build our right-sized, mortgage-free home.
I write about life on our growing homestead on the blog. You can reach the topics of simplify, grow, breathe, build, remember, parent, and cultivate community using the links on the drop-down blog menu above.
In our second year of living tiny, I wrote a weekly letter to my most dedicated readers. These letters resulted in my first book, Coming Home: Letters from a Tiny House.
In April of 2012, Anderson Cooper’s producers asked us to appear on his daytime talk show Anderson. What has followed has been a bit surreal for a simple-living, homesteading family like us. As our story was shared all over the Internet and on national media outlets, the questions began pouring in. We are happy to answer questions and help others figure out how they, too, can simplify and live free from the burden of debt. Mostly, folks want to know how we managed to save for and build our micro-homestead without a mortgage.”
Natural Building Conference and House Tours in New Zealand
“Kapiti Coast and Wellington, Labour Weekend, 25 – 26 October 2014 and optional hours tour on Monday 27 October
Come along to meet fellow natural building enthusiasts and share a wonderful weekend. Visit at least eight spectacular homes and listen to the owners/designers talk about their building experiences.
See practical demonstrations on:
– rammed earth construction
– light earth infill panels
– homemade natural paints
– and adobe brick testing
Listen to our keynote speakers Professors Robert and Brenda Vale from the School of Architecture at Victoria University and authors of “Time To Eat The Dog” and “The Autonomous House”.
Be shown around a permaculture garden by Emily Williams one of New Zealand’s permaculture experts.
Hear presentations on a range of sustainable building practices.
Join a “show and tell” session, where participants can share their natural building stories in a short, punchy format.
Question the “ask the experts” panel, led by some of New Zealand’s most experienced natural builders and eco designers.
Get an update on the “New Zealand Earth Building Standards” revision.
Network with experienced owner builders and building professionals.
Shared meals and accommodation on site will add valuable social time to this information packed weekend.”
To find out more and register and to book accommodation:
Or call Verena on ph: 03 5450240 or 021 036 393
Thanks to Richard for this tip.
“Adam Finkelman and Evan Garfield were veteran roommates of the New York City rental scene so when they discovered a Brooklyn loft with a garage they snapped it up even though it didn’t have a single bedroom. What they saw was potential to carve out space for at-home music performances and a kitchen large enough for Garfield to host supper clubs.
Finkelman, a furniture designer/builder by trade, laid out two bedrooms so tiny they fit just their beds on three sides, on the fourth side he left a sliver of space for a standup desk and stairs to the lofted beds. Under the beds, he placed open closets, drawers and storage.
The two friends built out the space themselves, using mostly found materials (from the street and craigslist). To create a kitchen large enough and comfortable enough for Garfield to cater meals hosted in their space, they hacked the kitchen with lots of on-the-wall storage for utensils and pans and a combo drying rack/dish storage from IKEA drying racks and painters’ trays.”